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Clean power on the rise as coal phasedown continues

Together the G7, consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, are responsible for 21% of global power sector emissions in 2022..A decade ago, the G7 contributed almost one-third of these emissions.

Since 2015, electricity generation from coal has shrunk by 35% across the G7. The UK leads the pace, with a 93% collapse of coal use between 2015 and 2022, followed by France (-63%). Japan is the clear outlier, with coal still accounting for almost a third of electricity production and seeing only modest declines (-6%) since 2015. Gas dependence is still high, as the G7 accounts for 40% of global electricity generation from fossil gas in 2022. However, year-on-year growth of gas-powered generation in the G7 has slowed since 2015 and even dropped in 2017 (-3%), 2020 (0%), and 2021 (-2%). Although it grew between 2021-2022 (5%), the gas crisis of 2022 has been a turning point, as it revealed vulnerabilities of global gas, prompting the G7 to reconsider gas dependence. 

To limit global temperature rises to 1.5C, the G7 must phase-out coal by 2030 and fully decarbonise electricity by 2035. The majority of G7 countries have committed to a Paris-aligned coal phase-out. However, Japan and the United States remain silent on the issue. The IEA has said that the G7 are ’ to fully decarbonise their electricity by 2035. In 2021 the group agreed to achieve ‘overwhelmingly’ decarbonised power in the 2030s, but only four of the seven – the US, the UK, Canada and Germany – have committed to a firm 2035 deadline. 


Last updated: May 2023

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