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Türkiye (Turkey)

Despite recent progress, Türkiye still lacks ambition in energy transition

Despite recent progress under the , Türkiye still has plans to increase its coal power capacity. The country has seen dependence on imported coal rise, with the cost of coal imports at a record high while Russia becomes the main coal supplier as of 2022. Coal accounts for a third of total power generation.

Türkiye is falling short of its enormous potential for solar power. With only 4.7% solar share in power generation as of 2022, Türkiye competes with Poland (4.6%) and Ukraine (5,3%) which have much lower solar potential.

Türkiye outranks several countries in Europe in terms of wind power share. The country’s 11% wind share in total generation as of 2022 is higher than some G20 countries like France (8%) and Italy (7%).

The country generates around a quarter of its power through hydro under normal conditions, but in dry seasons this declines to less than one fifth and causes an increase in fossil gas generation. 


Last updated: May 2023

Progress towards 1.5C power sector benchmarks
Türkiye (Turkey)

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